Basic human needs are the elements needed by humans in maintaining physiological and psychological balance.
Factors that affect basic human needs
When in a state of ill, some requiring organ function needs more than usual.
Family relationships can improve basic needs because of the trust.
Positive self-concept, giving meaning and wholeness for someone. Healthy self-concept gives a positive feeling about yourself. People who feel positive about him would be easy to change, easy to identify needs and develop a healthy way of life so much easier to meet their basic needs.
Stage of development
Each stage of development, people have different needs, both the needs of biological, psychological, social, and spiritual.
Basic Human Needs by Abraham Maslow
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper “A Theory of Human Motivation”. Maslow subsequently extended the idea to include his observations of humans’ innate curiosity. His theories parallel many other theories of human developmental psychology, some of which focus on describing the stages of growth in humans. Maslow used the terms Physiological, Safety, Belongingness and Love, Esteem, and Self-Actualization needs to describe the pattern that human motivations generally move through.
This type of requirement related to the fulfillment of basic needs of all human beings, such as eating, drinking, breathing air, and so on. Included is also a need for rest, or small bowel, avoid pain, and sex.
If basic needs are not met, then the body will be susceptible to disease, feel weak, so the process to meet the needs may be further hampered. This also applies to any other type of need, ie if there is a need that is not met, it will be difficult to meet the higher requirements.
The need for security and protection (Safety and security needs)
When a person’s physiological needs are met adequately, the need for security began to emerge. Safe state, stability, protection and order will be an increasing need. If not met, then there will be a sense of anxiety and fear that can hinder the fulfillment of other needs.
Love and belonging
When a person feels that both types of requirements above are met, then it will begin to arise the need for compassion and a sense of belonging. This can be seen in one’s efforts to find and bring a friend, a lover, a child, or even the desire to be part of a specific community such as football teams, clubs specialization and so on. If not met, then there will be a feeling of loneliness.
Then, after the above three requirements are met, there will be the need for self-esteem. According to Maslow, there are two types, the lower one and a higher one. Lower one related to the need for such a status, attention, and reputation. While the higher one dealing with the need for confidence, competence, achievement, independence, and freedom. If this requirement is not met, then it may arise feelings of inferiority and inferior.
Last needs according to Maslow’s needs hierarchy is the need for self-actualization. This type of requirement is closely related to the desire to create and develop our potential. According to Abraham Maslow, the personality can achieve top rankings when these primary needs much experience of interaction with one another, and with one’s self-actualization will be able take advantage of the potential factors perfectly.